Definition of Homeless
The California Department of Education defines homelessness as follows:
The term homeless children and youth means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This definition also includes:
Children and youth who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason
Children who may be living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, shelters, or awaiting foster care placement
Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings
- Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings, or
- Migratory children who qualify as homeless because they are children who are living in similar circumstances listed above
The McKinney-Vento program is designed to address the problems that homeless children and youth have faced in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in school. Under this program, State educational agencies (SEAs) must ensure that each homeless child and youth has equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as other children and youth. Homeless children and youth should have access to the educational and other services that they need to enable them to meet the same challenging State student academic achievement standards to which all students are held. In addition, homeless students may not be separated from the mainstream school environment. States and districts are required to review and undertake steps to revise laws, regulations, practices, or policies that may act as a barrier to the enrollment, attendance, or success in school of homeless children and youth.
The program is authorized under Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 USC 11431 et seq.), (McKinney-Vento Act). The program was originally authorized in 1987 and, most recently, reauthorized by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
AESD Homeless/Foster Youth Education Department
The Adelanto School District dedicates staff to Homeless and Foster Youth Education. The purpose of this department is to assist Homeless and Foster Youth with enrollment into school, access to educational services, transportation services (when appropriate), assistance with clothing, food and community resources.